I. Background


The pace of advancements in information technology is greater than ever. Today, information systems and devices have been integrated into every fibre of universities' IT environments. Thus IT security becomes the most important elements to ensure the integrity of their information systems and resources.

Recent development in information technology can be summarised into the following three main directions.

  • Mobility

    The line between traditional computers and mobile devices has become blurred. Hand-held smartphones, laptops and tablets are taking over many computing tasks that are used to be performed by stationary desktop PCs. Seamless connection with the Internet is another great leap forward taken in mobile technologies.

  • Lower Cost

    Under the current economic situation, improving "cost-effectiveness" is a main theme for IT expenditures. IT managers are seeking different approaches to reduce their IT budgets while sustaining the same (or even higher) level of IT service delivery. Moving IT functions into the "cloud", perhaps, is one of the most cost effective options available to organisations today.

  • Newer Standards

    Technologies keep evolving all the time. From the fundamental infrastructure (e.g. CPU, disk storage, network protocols) to end user applications (e.g. communication software and office tools), old standards have been continuously replaced by new ones.

For each of the above direction, there are new security concerns which require relevant actions taken by universities to address the associated risks.

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